Cell type: CdS
Measure type: Enlarging
Modern Photography Test: June 1973
For years I used a little enlarging meter that my father built. It's a spot meter and it sits on the baseboard, and there are two LEDs. You set up a standard negative and find a spot that's your "target"—in my case it's usually the front door of a house I shot in high school, and the door falls in Zone 3. So I set up my negative, set up the enlarger and test-print until the door falls in Zone 3, then I place the meter on the easel and the photocell where the door is, and adjust the meter until the two LEDs both turn on. On any negative where I know I want something to print at Zone 3, I place the meter on that spot and adjust the aperture until the two LEDs match.
It works fine but it has problems. One is that it's temperamental and difficult to set. Another is that was never designed to be used as much as it was, so doing things like replacing the batteries is a chore. And the last is that I don't like changing the aperture; I'd rather set the aperture in the middle of the scale where it's sharpest and adjust the timer. (Besides, if the negative's Zone 3 area ends up requiring the lens to be turned beyond the range of its aperture scale (which does happen), then you're screwed. You either have to guess at exposure or reset the meter on a different area).
The Labosix should solve that problem. It's simply a light meter that sits under the enlarger. You make test prints, calibrate the meter, and you're set. You spin a dial to show you the proper time. I have a color analyzer that does the same thing but the photocell is large and meant to average out everything; I want a spot.
So I bought this Labosix on eBay. It's not too bad. You put in their step wedge negative and make test prints until the two darkest steps (A and B) are just slightly different: A being pure black and B being just a tiny bit lighter (which would make Step A = Zone 0 (filmbase + fog) and Step B = Zone I, for you zonies). You leave the enlarger alone, put the Labosix sensor under the projection of Step B and turn the calibration dial until the needle reads the number of seconds you had exposed for. If you change the enlarger settings (the aperture or the height or both), the Labosix will tell you the new exposure time to use.
I found it worked fine for that. It's supposed to also tell you the paper grade to use (or filter for those of us using VC). You put in your negative, read the darkest area (Zone 1) then read the lightest (Zone IX), and the needle points to a contrast grade number on another scale.
I had more problems with that, though it's probably my lack of practice with it and the fact that I was printing a difficult negative anyway. But it got me in the ballpark, and I can't complain.
My only real beef with it is that it has a CdS cell that needs to be protected from normal room lights, or the cell goes night blind in the dark. They should have made a hood or a place to put it when you want to flip the room lights on, because otherwise you have to figure something out (I put a lick of electrical tape over it) to protect it.